Posts Tagged ‘Cross Browser’

Automated Visual Testing In The Cloud: Enhance Your Cross-browser Coverage [WEBINAR]

February 10th, 2015 by Bill McGee

Manually testing your app for UI bugs across multiple browsers and devices is a tedious process, but you can accelerate it with automated visual testing that goes beyond pixel-by-pixel screenshot comparison.

In this webinar, you’ll see how you can easily avoid front-end bugs and visual regressions, as well as substantially increase coverage, by adding scalable automated visual testing to your existing Selenium and Appium tests running on the Sauce Labs cloud.

In this webinar we’ll:

  • Reveal expert tips on how to successfully perform large-scale automated visual testing
  • Show how to leverage visual testing to increase coverage, while reducing maintenance efforts
  • Run a live cross-browser visual test with Sauce Labs and Applitools

Join us for this presentation on Tuesday, February 17th at 11am PST. There will be a Q&A with both Applitools and Sauce Labs following the end of the presentation.

Click HERE to register today.

Cross-Browser Layout Testing With Galen Framework And Sauce Labs

January 8th, 2015 by Bill McGee

Every web developer faces this problem once the website is implemented: cross-browser layout testing. This is a very annoying task as you have to look at your website on a lot of different browsers. We used to perform a manual check on all these browsers at the end of website development, and as a result we get some layout issues and have to find hacks to fix these deffects. But what if we could automate layout testing of the website and perform it always in all major browsers? Imagine you follow a TDD technique in your front-end development and you want to have an early feedback on layout issues. To solve this problem you could have a look at Galen Framework.

In short Galen Framework is a layout and functional testing framework that has its own language for describing the layout. The way you test layout using this approach is by declaring a set of elements on the page and rules describing where each element is expected to be. The elements are being tested relatively to each other. This way you can make your tests very flexible and run them on different browsers and even mobile devices in case your website is responsive.

In this article I would like to show you how to write a basic layout test and run it in the SauceLabs cloud. SauceLabs offers various platforms and browsers and even allows you to choose browser versions. Lets take the major browsers like: Internet Explorer 11, Firefox, Chrome, Opera and Safari on Mac. The website under test will be


Ask a Selenium Expert: How to Run One Test on Multiple Browsers

April 30th, 2014 by Bill McGee

selenium testing & sauceThis is part 4 of 8 in a mini series of follow-up Q&A’s from Selenium expert Dave Haeffner. You can read up on the firstsecond, and third.

Dave discussed  how to build out a well factored, maintainable, resilient, and parallelized suite of tests that run locally, on a Continuous Integration system, and in the cloud in our recent webinar, “Selenium Bootcamp“.

Following the webinar, there were several follow-up questions. Dave’s agreed to respond to 8. Below you’ll find the fourth Q&A. Stay tuned next Wednesday for the next question.

4. ­How can I specify to Sauce Labs to run 1 test on multiple browsers?

You can see an example of one way to accomplish it in these write-ups:

-Dave Haeffner, April 9, 2014

Can’t wait to see the rest of the Q&A? Read the whole post here.  Get more info on Selenium with Dave’s book, The Selenium Guidebook, or follow him on Twitter or Github.

Have an idea for a blog post, webinar, or more? We want to hear from you! Submit topic ideas (or questions!) here.

Ask a Selenium Expert: Strategies for Cross-Browser Testing

April 23rd, 2014 by Bill McGee

selenium testing & sauceThis is part 3 of 8 in a mini series of follow-up Q&A’s from Selenium expert Dave Haeffner. Read up on the first and second

Dave discussed  how to build out a well factored, maintainable, resilient, and parallelized suite of tests that run locally, on a Continuous Integration system, and in the cloud in our recent webinar, “Selenium Bootcamp“.

Following the webinar, we had several follow-up questions. Dave’s agreed to respond to 8. Below you’ll find the third Q&A. Stay tuned next Wednesday for the next question.

3. ­I would like to see strategies for getting tests to work in multiple browers. For example, if my test works in Chrome but not Firefox, what do I do?

There are two things you’re likely to run into ­when running your tests across multiple browsers: speed of execution, and locator limitations.

Speed of execution issues occur when things execute too quickly (which indicates that you need to add explicit waits to your test code) or timeout (which indicates that the explicit waits you have are too tight and need to be loosened). The best approach to take is an iterative one. Run your tests and find the failures. Take each failed test, adjust your code as needed, and run it against the browsers you care about. Repeat until everything’s green.

In older browsers (e.g., Internet Explorer 8) you’ll be limited by the locators you can use (e.g., CSS3 nth locators like nth-child, nth-of-type, etc) and likely run into issues with some dynamic functionality (e.g., hovers). In cases like this, it’s simple enough to find an alternative set of locators to use that are specific to this browser and update your test to use them only when this browser is being used.

-Dave Haeffner, April 9, 2014

Can’t wait to see the rest of the Q&A? Read the whole post here.  Get more info on Selenium with Dave’s book, The Selenium Guidebook, or follow him on Twitter orGithub.

Have an idea for a blog post, webinar, or more? We want to hear from you! Submit topic ideas (or questions!)  here.

Sauce OnDemand Now Supports Selenium 2.1.0

August 1st, 2011 by Santiago Suarez Ordoñez

In keeping up-to-date with the releases pushed by the Selenium project, Selenium version 2.1.0 is now fully available in our service.

This new release includes a mayor fix to an important bug affecting some native clicks on elements. You can check out the official changelog for more information.

Due to our new release process, there will be a testing period before we make this the default version in our service. (Once we’ve decided to do so, we’ll announce it in advance). In the meantime, we advise you to try out your tests in this new version using the following Desired Capabilities/JSON key-value:

"selenium-version": "2.1.0"

We’d love to hear if you see any issues after moving your tests to Selenium 2.1.0. And stay tuned, as we’ll be announcing 2.2.0 as well as other versions through our blog too!

Sauce Labs Eliminates Barrier to Automated Cross-Browser Testing with Sauce Builder

March 31st, 2011 by The Sauce Labs Team

New tool enables QA pros to build and run Selenium tests without Selenium expertise or infrastructure

SAN FRANCISCO, CA — (Mar. 31, 2011) — Sauce Labs, the web application testing company, today introduced Sauce Builder, a free testing tool that makes it easy for users to build Selenium tests without Selenium expertise and run them with the Sauce OnDemand service. Sauce Builder allows users to build automated Selenium tests simply by clicking through an application. By eliminating the complexity of hand-coding Selenium scripts, Sauce Builder accelerates the adoption of automated testing for QA and development teams that have been craving the development productivity Selenium offers. Sauce Builder is free and available for immediate download.

“Automated testing has historically been one of the most complicated, yet most valuable, technologies for companies that build software. Automated testing is doubly challenging because teams need to build and maintain a testing environment and on top of that, building tests can require significant technical skill,” said John Dunham, CEO of Sauce Labs. “We launched our Sauce OnDemand cloud service last year to eliminate the headache of maintaining a test infrastructure. Now with Builder, we’ve removed the next barrier to the adoption of automated testing and we’re very excited to see how this combination can help QA and development teams achieve their goals.”

With Sauce Builder, Sauce Labs continues to simplify and improve the cross-browser testing process for development and QA teams. Sauce Builder’s benefits include:

  • Build Selenium tests with zero programming – Simply click through your application and Sauce Builder writes a Selenium scripts that reflect your actions
  • Export results in the language of your choice – HTML, Java, Groovy, C#, Perl, PHP, Python and Ruby so your tests speak the same language as your application and dev team
  • Eliminate bugs faster – Use immediate video playback of your tests in action, and share them with your teammates
  • Remove test infrastructure headaches – Sauce Builder makes it a snap to either run tests locally in Firefox or in the cloud with access to all the browser / operating system combinations supported in the super scalable Sauce OnDemand service

With over four million downloads in just four years, the Selenium project is the world’s most popular functional testing framework for web applications. Designed to further expand Selenium adoption, Sauce Builder is the first web-based Selenium tool of its kind, including technology Sauce Labs acquired from Go Test It in 2010. After becoming more familiar with the technology post-acquisition, Sauce Labs elected to open source the code under the name “Se Builder” earlier this year because the technology held so much promise for the Selenium community.

Sauce Builder expands the capabilities of Se Builder by enabling users to directly access Sauce OnDemand, the cloud-based Selenium service, to run their tests. Sauce OnDemand is free to try for up to 200 testing minutes every month. Sauce Labs is also leading a collaborative effort with the Selenium community to deliver a new generalized plug-in architecture for Se Builder that among other things will support integrated plug-ins for testing services like Sauce OnDemand.

To learn more about how automated testing can accelerate your development velocity, please join Adam Christian,a Sauce Labs developer and project lead for Sauce Builder, on Tuesday, April 19th at 10AM Pacific for the webinar, “From zero to creating, storing and running automated tests in under 30 minutes”.

“Debugging takes up valuable time that developers could be using to focus on their applications,” said Sauce Labs’ Christian. “Now with Sauce Builder, developers can leverage this great development environment through our cloud testing infrastructure and not worry about dealing with building or maintaining their own costly testing infrastructure.”
About Sauce Labs
Sauce Labs, web application testing company, provides Sauce OnDemand, a cloud based service that allows users to run automated cross-browser functional tests faster and eliminating the need to maintain their own test infrastructure. To date, over four million Sauce OnDemand tests have been run in the Sauce cloud. The lead investor of Sauce Labs is the Contrarian Group, Peter Ueberroth’s investment management firm. Sauce Labs is headquartered in San Francisco, California. For more information, visit

Media Contact
Chantal Yang
LEWIS Pulse for Sauce Labs


The Selenium ‘click’ Command

March 22nd, 2011 by The Sauce Labs Team


The golden rule of web application testing states that “You can find a number of bugs by simply clicking randomly on various places.” This is especially true for User Interface bugs. If you are using Selenium or Selenium-RC for automating your application’s User Interface tests, it is important to know how the “” command works in order to simulate user clicks.

While it’s one of the lesser-advertised features of Selenium, it’s a blessing in disguise for testing application behavior for various UI elements without needing any manual intervention. For instance, we recently tested a JSP form with a few dozen dropdown lists (single and multi-select), checkboxes, and a plethora of radio buttons. Clicking each UI control manually was a pain in the hand. In contrast, simulating these clicks using Selenium not only saved crucial manual testing effort, it helped uncover a number of important bugs in the application as well.

How to use the Click command?

To put it in simple words, the click command emulates a click operation for a link, button, checkbox or radio button. It takes a locator (an identifier for which HTML element the command refers to) as an argument.

Example – The following command invocation simulates a click on a button element named myButton"myButton");

Browser Support

The Selenium click command works in the following browsers

Browser Versions
Firefox 3, 3.5, 4
Internet Explorer 6, 7, 8, 9
Safari 3, 4, 5
Opera 9, 10, 11
Google Chrome current

Language Support

The Selenium click command works in the following languages

Language/ Tool Command Name
Selenium IDE

Challenges and Workarounds

The Selenium click command offers basic locator click functionality. Though it has several limitations, these can be overcome using the following workarounds.

  • How to click on specific coordinates?

Click command is only capable of clicking on a specific element locator. It can’t click on an element using the coordinates of the mouse event relative to the element locator. Example

selenium.clickAt("myButton", "50,50");

Moreover, it can be used to have the same effect as click command by specifying the coordinates as “0,0”. This is especially true when using JavaScript frameworks such as extJS and GWT where click command doesn’t work very well because it does not trigger the mouseUp event.

  • Does issuing the click command fire the onblur event?

No, it doesn’t. That’s the reason why you should use the fireEvent command in such cases. Example

selenium.FireEvent("Cancel", "click")

Sample HTML

Let’s consider the following example as a reference point to understand how the Selenium click command works.

        <script type="text/javascript">
            function show_msg(){
                alert("Selenium Rocks!");

        <input type="button" id="myButton" onclick="show_msg()" value="Show Message" />

Example Test Cases

Let’s consider the following test cases to understand how the Selenium click command works in various languages. In each of the code snippets provided below, we first open the application root, set the value “selenium rc” into the field named ‘q’, invoke the click command on myButton and then wait for 30 seconds for the page to load.

  1. Python"/")"myButton")
  1. PHP
  1. Ruby "/" "myButton"
@selenium.wait_for_page_to_load “30000”
  1. Java"/");"myButton");

  1. Selenium IDE HTML Suite Test
open /
click myButton
waitForPageToLoad 30000

Using Selectors with Click Command

The Click command can also be used in conjunction with the following selectors.

1. css=

The CSS selector is often used with Selenium click command to uniquely identify an object or element on a web page. For example"css=input[name=myButton]”)

The CSS locator is especially handy as an alternative to XPath locator which works painfully slow with IE.

2. name=

As the name itself suggests, the name selector is used to click the first element with the specified @name attribute. For example"name=myButton”)

3. id=

This allows click on an element with the specified @id attribute. For example"id=myButton”)

4. link=

This allows clicking on a link element which contains text matching the specified pattern. For example"link=myLink”)

5. xpath=

This allows clicking on an element using an XPath expression. For example"xpath=//input[@name=myButton' and @type='submit']")

We hope that you find this write-up informational and it helps shorten your Selenium learning curve.

Happy Testing!

Manual Testing In The Cloud (Beta Program!)

February 17th, 2011 by The Sauce Labs Team

We’re pleased to announce a new private beta program for manual exploratory testing that allows you to instantly control any browser, in the cloud, using your mouse and keyboard.

With this new service, each time you find a bug,  you’ll have access to the video and screenshots of every step. You can record video of your tests and track test time by browser. Plus, sharing the bug report with the rest of your team is a snap, as we provide a convenient way to securely integrate with your existing bug tracker.

Click here to join the beta!

Video Demo: RSpec + Selenium + Sauce OnDemand

October 6th, 2010 by Ashley Wilson

Thanks to all who tuned in to our live web demo last week, Using RSpec + Selenium to Test Your Ruby Builds Faster. Sauce Labs Developer Sean Grove walked attendees through the steps of writing an RSpec test and for Selenium testing, and then showed how to run that test across multiple browsers in the cloud using Sauce OnDemand.

For those of you who missed it, check out Sean’s sample code on Github (, and then follow along with the video below. We’re planning another Ruby-based webinar in the future, so make sure to subscribe to our blog’s RSS feed to stay up to date!

RSpec + Selenium Demonstration 9/30 at 11 am PST

September 21st, 2010 by Ashley Wilson

Join Sean Grove, senior developer at Sauce Labs, as he shows you how to take your RSpec tests and pit ’em against the real world. RSpec is a Ruby framework that provides a Domain Specific Language that expresses executable examples of the expected behavior of your code.

Learn how to launch and control real browsers directly from RSpec tests using Selenium and Sauce OnDemand. In this live video demontration on Sept. 30 at 11 am PST, he’ll demonstrate and discuss:

* Writing your first RSpec test
* Configuring it to use Selenium
* Cross-browser testing and spec parallelization

Be sure to stick around for the Q&A following the presentation. Register Here!